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Paints have evolved greatly over the past 100,000 years. In archaic times, minerals and organic based pigments were used for painting in the regions of South Africa.
Materials like Iron Oxide and Charcoal were used as a binder. However, as civilizations emerged and the art of paint making became common, various other textures and raw materials were experimented to find viable solutions. Around 5000 years ago, in Greece and some part of modern Egypt, beeswax and egg yolk became popular binders. Egg yolks were considered sturdy binders because they not only dried quicker but were also stronger in terms of binding the substances together. In fact, egg yolks when mixed with the right pigments resulted in long-lasting paints. Interestingly, these materials are still used as binders in modern day painting, however other popular materials have also come to light. For example, linseed oil became a popular carrier in the 20th century to make paints fluid and enhance the texture. This oil makes it possible for the paint to become consistent such that it can then be mixed with other pigments. Another popular substance used in olden times to bind paint was poppy oil extracted from poppy seeds. The only qualms about using poppy seed oil as a binder was that the drying time was much higher compared to linseed oil. However, different binders were used depending on the purpose of the paint and the material it was used on by the artist. Both organic and inorganic binders came to light over time.